You can also view these using my Google Scholar or ORCID pages.


Ward AJW & Webster MM (2016). Sociality: The behaviour of group living animals. Springer Academic Publishing.

Read a review of this book in Animal Behaviour



Gray L & Webster, MM (2023). False alarms and information transmission in grouping animals. Biological Reviews,

The Conversation


Hills A & Webster MM (2022). Sampling biases and reproducibility: Experimental design decisions affect behavioural responses in hermit crabs. Animal Behaviour Accepted, In Press


Jones NAR, Klump BC, Abaurrea TM, Harrower S, Marr C, Scott L, Rendell L & Webster MM (2021). Short range hunters: exploring the function and constraints of water shooting in dwarf gouramis. Journal of Experimental Biology 224: jeb243477.

Inside JEB Commentary

Vanadzina K, Phillips A, Martins B, Laland K, Webster MM & Sheard C (2021). Ecological and behavioural drivers of offspring size in marine teleost fishes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 30, 2407-2419.

Jones NAR, Webster MM & Salvanes AGV (2021). Physical enrichment research for captive fish: time to focus on the DETAILS. Journal of Fish Biology, 99 704-725. PDF

Kressler MM, Gerlam A, Spence-Jones HC & Webster MM (2021). Passive traps and sampling bias: social effects and personality affect trap-entry by sticklebacks. Ethology 127, 446-452. PDF

Jones NAR, Spence-Jones HC, Webster MM & Rendell LE (2021). Individual behavioural traits not social context affects learning about novel objects in archerfish. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 75, 58. PDF

Rutz C & Webster MM (2021). Ethology adopts the STRANGE framework for animal behaviour research, to improve reporting standards. Ethology 127, 99-101. PDF


Webster MM & Laland KN (2020). No evidence for individual recognition in threespine or ninespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus or Pungitius pungitius). Royal Society Open Science 7, 191703. PDF

Webster MM & Rutz C (2020). How STRANGE are your study animals? Nature 582, 337-340. PDF

Psychology TodayThe ScientistKnowable Magazine

Ward AJW, Kent MIA, Webster MM (2020). Social recognition and social attraction in group-living fishes. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8, 1-16. PDF

Jones NAR, Webster MM, Newport C, Templeton CN, Schuster S & Rendell L (2020). Cognitive styles: Speed accuracy trade-offs underlie individual differences in archerfish. Animal Behaviour 160, 1-14. PDF

Borcherding J, Webster MM & Heubel K (2020). Teaching lab for large cohorts of undergraduates: private and social information in fish. Ecology & Evolution 10, 4-10. PDF


Ward AJW & Webster MM (2019). Mid-sized groups perform best in a collective decision task in sticklebacks. Biology Letters 15 PDF

Webster MM, Chouinard-Thuly L, Herczeg G, Kitano J, Riley R, Rogers S, Shapiro MD, Shikano T & Laland KN (2019). A Four-Questions Perspective on Public Information Use in Sticklebacks (Gasterosteidae). Royal Society Open Science PDF

Jones NAR, Mendo T, Broell F & Webster MM (2019). No experimental evidence of stress-induced hyperthermia in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Journal of Experimental Biology . PDF

Inside JEB Commentary


Ward AJW, Schaerf TM, Burns A, Lizier J, Crosato E, Prokopenko M & Webster MM (2018). Cohesion, order and information flow in the collective motion of mixed-species shoals. Royal Society Open Science 5, 181132. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2018). Experience shapes social information use in foraging fish. Animal Behaviour 146 63-70. PDF

Kendal RL, Boogert N, Rendell L, Laland KN, Webster MM & Jones P (2018). Social Learning Strategies: Bridge-building between fields. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 651-665. PDF

Jones NAR, Webster MM, Templeton CN, Schuster S & Rendell L (2018). Presence of an audience and consistent inter-individual differences affect archerfish shooting behaviour. Animal Behaviour 131 95-103. PDF

Phys.orgTheScientistDiscover Wildlife

Gaffney K & Webster MM (2018). Consistency of fish-shoal social network structure under laboratory conditions. Journal of Fish Biology 92 1574-1589. PDF

Comment Response


Riddell, J & Webster MM (2017). How does hunger affect convergence on prey patches in a social forager? Ethology 123 811-817. PDF

Ward AJW, Schaerf TM, Herbert-Read JE, Morrell L, Sumpter DJT & Webster MM (2017). Local Interactions and Global Properties of Free-Ranging Stickleback Shoals. Royal Society Open Science 4, 170043. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2017). Social information use and social learning in non-grouping fishes. Behavioural Ecology 28 1547-1552. PDF

Webster MM, Whalen A & Laland KN (2017). Fish pool their experience to solve problems collectively. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1 0135. PDF
Nature Research HighlightsBBC News


Webster MM (2016). Experience and motivation shape leader-follower interactions in fish shoals. Behavioral Ecology 28 77-84. PDF

Seebacher F, Webster MM, James RS, Tallis J & Ward AJW (2016). Morphological differences between habitats are associated with physiological and behavioural trade-offs in stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Royal Society Open Science 3(6), 160316. PDF

Taylor DEF, Cownden D & Webster MM (2016). Sticklebacks show consistent prey-share hierarchies within but not between patchy and sequential prey distributions. Journal of Zoology DOI: 10.1111/jzo.12350. PDF


Smith LA & Webster MM (2015). Gammarus pulex show a grouping response to conspecific injury cues but not to predator kairomones. Behavioral Ecology 26 1188-1195. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2015). Public information use by foraging ninespine sticklebacks: social learning or an unlearned social influence on travel direction? Behaviour 11 1569-1584. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2015). Space-use and sociability are not related to public-information use in ninespine sticklebacks. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 69 895-907. PDF


Atton N, Galef BJ, Hoppitt W, Webster MM, Laland KN. (2014). Familiarity affects social network structure and discovery of prey patch locations in foraging stickleback shoals. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 281 20140579. PDF


Ward AJW, James R, Wilson ADM & Webster MM (2013). Site fidelity and localised homing behaviour in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Behaviour 150 1689-1708. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2013). Local enhancement via eavesdropping on courtship displays in male guppies. Animal Behaviour. 1 75-83. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2013). The learning mechanism underlying public information use in ninespine sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius). Journal of Comparative Psychology 127 154-165. PDF

Webster MM, Atton N, Hoppitt W & Laland KN (2013) Environmental complexity influences association network structure and network-based diffusion of foraging information in fish shoals. American Naturalist 181 235-244. PDF


Atton N, Hoppitt W, Webster MM, Galef BG & Laland KN (2012) Information flow through threespine stickleback networks without social transmission. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 279 4272-4278. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2012). Social information, conformity and the opportunity costs paid by foraging fish. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 66 797-809. PDF


Webster MM & Ward AJW (2011). Personality and social context. Biological Reviews. 86 759-773. PDF

Webster MM, Atton, N, Hart PJB & Ward AJW (2011). Habitat-specific morphological variation among threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) within a drainage basin. PLoS ONE 6(6) e21060. PDF

Laland KN, Atton N & Webster MM (2011). From fish to fashion: experimental and theoretical insights into the evolution of culture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society series B 366 958-968. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2011). Reproductive state affects reliance on public information in sticklebacks. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 278 619-627. PDF

Rendell L, Fogarty L Hoppitt WJE, Morgan TJH, Webster MM & Laland KN (2011) Cognitive culture: theoretical and empirical insights into social learning strategies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 68-76. PDF

2010 and earlier

Ward AJW, Hensor EMA, Webster MM & Hart PJB (2010). Behavioural thermoregulation in two freshwater fish species. Journal of Fish Biology 76 2287-2298. PDF

Webster MM & Laland (2009). Evaluation of a non-invasive tagging system for laboratory studies using three-spined sticklebacks. Journal of Fish Biology 75 1868-1873. PDF

Ward AJW, Webster MM, Magurran, AE, Currie S & Krause, J. (2009). Species and population differences in social recognition between fishes: a role for ecology? Behavioural Ecology. 20 511-516. PDF

Webster MM, Ward AJW & Hart PJB (2009). Individual boldness affects interspecific interactions in sticklebacks. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 63 511-520. PDF

Webster MM & Laland KN (2008). Social learning strategies and predation risk: minnows copy only when using private information would be costly. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 275 2869-2876. PDF

Hoppitt WJE, Brown GR, Kendal R, Rendell L, Thornton A, Webster MM & Laland KN (2008). Lessons from animal teaching. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23 486-493. PDF

Webster MM, Adams EL & Laland KN (2008). Diet-specific chemical cues influence association preferences and prey patch use in a shoaling fish. Animal Behaviour 76 17-23. PDF

Webster MM, Ward AJW & Hart PJB (2008). Shoal and prey patch choice by co-occurring fish and prawns: inter-taxa use of socially transmitted cues. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 275 203-208. PDF

Webster MM, Goldsmith J, Ward AJW & Hart PJB (2007). Habitat specific chemical cues influence association preferences and shoal cohesion in fish. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 62, 273-280. PDF

Webster MM, Atton N, Ward AJW & Hart PJB (2007). Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues. Behaviour 144 1347-1360. PDF

Webster MM & Hart PJB (2007). Prior association mediates kleptoparasitic prey competition in shoals of threespine stickleback. Animal Behaviour 74 253-258. PDF

Webster MM, Ward AJW & Hart PJB (2007). Boldness is influenced by social context in threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Behaviour 144 351-371. PDF

Ward AJW, Webster MM & Hart PJB (2007). Social recognition in wild fish populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society series B 274 1071-1077. PDF

Ward AJW, Webster MM & Hart PJB (2006). Intraspecific food competition in fishes. Fish and Fisheries 7 1-31. PDF

Webster MM & Hart PJB (2006). Kleptoparasitic prey competition in shoaling fish: effects of familiarity and prey distribution. Behavioural Ecology 17 959-964. PDF

Webster MM & Hart PJB (2006). Subhabitat selection by foraging threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus): previous experience and social conformity. Behavioural Ecology & Sociobiology 60 77-86. PDF

Webster MM & Hart PJB (2004). Substrate discrimination and preference in foraging fish. Animal Behaviour 68 1071-1077. PDF

Croft DP, Arrowsmith BJ, Webster M & Krause J. (2004). Intra-sexual preferences for familiar fish in male guppies. Journal of Fish Biology 64 279-283. PDF

Croft DP, Albanese B, Arrowsmith BJ, Botham MS, Webster M & Krause J. (2003). Sex-biased movement in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Oecologia, 137 62-68. PDF

Peer-reviewed book chapters

Laland KN, Atton N & Webster MM 2012. From fish to fashion: experimental and theoretical insights into the evolution of culture. In: Whiten, A; Hinde, RA, Stringer, CB & Laland, KN (Eds.) Culture Evolves, University of Oxford Press.

Laland KN, Dean L, Hoppitt W, Rendell L & Webster MM 2012. Social learning: strategies, mechanisms and models. In: Zentall TR & Wasserman E (Eds.) Handbook of Comparative Cognition, University of Oxford Press.

Webster MM & Laland KN. 2011. Social learning and innovation. In: Evans J, Pilastro A & Schlupp I (Eds), Ecology and Evolution of Poeciliid Fishes, University of Chicago Press.

Hart PJB, Webster MM & Ward AJW. 2008. Fish foraging behaviour in theory and practice. In: Magnhagen C, Braithwaite VA, Forsgren E & Kapoor BG (Eds), Fish Behaviour, CABI Press.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s